Previously I wrote about the system of Proto-Turkic vowels as consisting of 8 qualities spanned by features of height, frontness and rounding with three additional phonemes sometimes suggested: /ia/, /e/ and /*ë/.
The first phoneme is reflected identically to *a, except it caused palatalization in Chuvash, so that we have:
Continue reading “Turkic vocalism revisited”
Altai republic is home to several language varieties sometimes divided into two languages, Northern and Southern, and sometimes considered as dialects of a single official language which is based on the Oirot variety. While it is obvious that North and South Altai share many features, how closely related they are and what is their position within the Turkic family are less clear.
On one side there are Siberian Turkic languages, in particular Yeniseian languages, which Northern Altai shows some affinities to, on the other is the Kyrgyz language whose speakers likely arrived in Kyrgyzstan from the slopes of Tian Shan and Kipchak languages which may or may not include Kyrgyz and possibly even Altai itself.
Thus I’d like to investigate the differences between these languages and determine shared innovations which will hopefully illuminate relationships of descent among them.
Continue reading “Affiliations of Altai Turkic: Case system – part one”
While all Turkic languages show distinction between voiceless and voiced stops  word-internally, only Oghuz languages have it initially, and only between k/g in front vowel words and t/d .
Most reconstructions take this distinction to have been phonemic in Proto-Turkic, but Doerfer makes the case in Ein altosmanisches Lautgesetz im Kurdischen that we’re dealing with a secondary voicing in Oghuz.
Continue reading “Turkic initials”
After a hundred years of earnest study of the Altaic connection, starting with Ramstedt, the polemics on the genetic relations of ‘Altaic’ languages (Turkic, Mongolic, Tungusic and additionally Korean and Japanese) continue with undying fervor.
Continue reading “Are Turkish and Mongolian related?”
(disclamer: Just as I am not a linguist, I am also not a geneticist, the following is merely speculation)
Recently a paper was published in Nature: “137 ancient human genomes from across the Eurasian steppes” that for the first time (to my knowledge) explores the autosomal genetics of early Turks.
Continue reading “Turkic genetics”