Khakas /ɪ/ – a note

It is sometimes alluded that Khakas preserves the Proto-Turkic distinction between *ä and *e as /e/ and /ɪ/. This is not the case, review of the comparanda shows that both *ä and *e of any length are reflected as /ɪ/ in first syllable of polysyllables.
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Mongolic ablative

The form of the ablative case suffix in Mongolic is a well isogloss separating all modern Mongolic varieties and all Middle Mongol sources save Muqaddimat alAdab. Middle Mongol reflects *-(a-)ča, while modern languages (and MA) show *-(a-)sa[1].  Thus, irregular deaffrication of *č in this suffix is taken to be a Common Mongolic innovation.

There are no external comparisons that could hint to a further etymology of the ablative suffix. Khitan has an unrelated ablative in <e(n)d.ii>, homographical with dative+genitive. Sometimes a comparison with the Turkic equative (likely an original prolative) *-ča is made, but the semantics are off. Poppe also claims cognacy to Manchu či, but Jurchen data (Kiyose 309) shows that the original form was ti and the similarity probably fortuitous.

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Bronze Age population dynamics and the rise of dairy pastoralism on the eastern Eurasian steppe (2018)

I’m running the risk of this becoming a genetics blog, but another interesting paper came out this week: Bronze Age population dynamics and the rise of dairy pastoralism on the eastern Eurasian steppe.

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