Classification of Tungusic

There is a nice overview of previous attempts at classifying Tungusic languages in Robeets’ review of Recent advances in Tungusic linguistics (Turcologica 89), available at ResearchGate.

Most of the schemes (other than Vovin 1993) work with four subgroups: 1) Evenki-Even (with Negidal and Solon), 2) Udege-Oroch, 3) Nanaic (Nanai, Ulcha and Orok) and 4) Manchu; and disagree on their genetic relations, the most common question being whether Manchu is the first group to diverge or if it belongs with Nanaic, and whether Udege-Oroch belongs with Northern or Southern languages.

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